Places near large centers of population generally develop market gardening and produce easily perishable goods which can be transported to the market for short distances without much damage.
Means of transportation can be easily developed in the plain areas. When we think things are a certain way, no matter how objective or not, for all intents and purposes they are that way.
Climate plays a dominating role in agriculture. For the farmers, some of these pressures will come from within. Land-tenure rules changed as families moved to new areas to acquire land from other people on which to start cocoa farms.
The economic history of the world records the changes in agriculture patterns as induced by transportation facilities. For them, ideational changes are important contributory factors to many or most types of social change.
Groups The broad social divisions that affect the attitudes, needs and interests of the members of a society have been discussed. In other rural societies, land is not inherited at all. In the mountanous and hilly regions, soil erosion is common; terrain restricts use of machinery and development of means of transportation.
The moisture requirements of the plant vary according to the heat received. He will also be more sensitive to the type of advice and support that will be useful. Political factors in many countries have a significant impact on agricultural change. Jobs on the farm that were traditionally done by men now have to be done by women.
This is particularly clear in some Latin American countries where a small proportion of families own very large estates while most families work as farm labourers or farm their own very small plots on a subsistence basis.
Climate, storms, social erosion, earthquakes, floods, droughts etc. A religious doctrine, which persisted with variations throughout many centuries, has affected the course of society.
The natural factors that affect agriculture most are: Extension programmes aiming at introducing new methods should take into account the possible effect on the whole society and its culture, and not merely the technical results of the methods recommended. The more people are exposed to new ideas, the more likely it is that change may be accepted by the society as a whole.
All forms of agriculture are controlled largely by temperature. However, in the flat regions, there is no such problem. Improvements in the realm of transportation and communication have rendered possible regional specialisation and thus made feasible fuller utilisation of the peculiar features of the specific soils and climates.
Another problem is subsidies. True agriculture means the combination of both, even though, historically, these two modes were often incompatible; groups specializing in one were often in conflict with other groups specializing in the other.
The aeroplane has also helped to open up previously inaccessible areas of the Peruvian and Bolivian mountain regions. Afterthe Government of India gave tax relief and concessions to the farmers for growing jute, with the result that in different parts of the country, area under jute cultivation had increased to a large extent.
They are individuals who are respected by other people, not because they hold an official position but because they have an attractive or forceful personality or because they seem to know the best action to take in any situation.
Crops can be marketed more easily and farming inputs brought into rural areas more quickly and cheaply. Soil erosion and water logging have become major problems with soils as such these should be checked by adopting contour farming, terrace farming, constructing dams and dykes. Social factors can also affect the type of crops that are grown.
Places away from the market will generally grow such things which can afford the cost of transport to the market. Intensive agriculture is essentially labour-intensive and exemplifies the human pressure on land. A village headman, for example, may have the power to allocate land to farmers who want to expand their holdings.
The political system, i. Economic Factors The most important economic factors affecting agriculture are: Social factors affect farming in a number of ways. Political factors also play a vital role in agricultural development.
The political system, i.e., capitalistic, communist or socialistic system determines the pattern of agriculture. For example in China, agriculture is fully controlled by government; similar was the case of former USSR. The political environment can impact business organizations in many ways.
It could add a risk factor and lead to a major loss. You should understand that the political factors have the power to change results.
Political factors in many countries have a significant impact on agricultural change. The main political factor would be in the form of subsidies, reforms and policies. Many countries like the USA are granting large subsidies to their agricultural sector.
Political Factors and Agricultural Change Essay Sample. 1) Assess the role of political factors encouraging agricultural change.
Political factors in many countries have a significant impact on agricultural change. The main political factor would be in the form of subsidies, reforms and policies.
Social and cultural barriers to agricultural change Although cultures and social structures are always changing, the process is often slow. In the short term, there will be features of society and culture that may act as barriers to change in agriculture. the agricultural revolution Perhaps the single most powerful and influential change in human history was the conversion from gathering and hunting to agriculture (herding and tilling).
Like almost all social change it tended to be cumulative rather than the new immediately replacing the old.Political factors and agricultural change